CBSE NCERT Solutions Chapter 5 Arithmetic Progressions Exercise 5.3 Question 15
15. A contract on construction job specifies a penalty for delay of completion beyond a certain date as follows: Rs. 200 for the first day, Rs 250 for the second day, Rs 300 for the third day, etc., the penalty for each succeeding day being Rs 50 more than for the preceding day. How much money the contractor has to pay as penalty, if he has delayed the work by 30 days?
Penalty for first day = Rs 200
Penalty for second day = Rs 250
Penalty for third day = Rs 300
It is given that penalty for each succeeding day is Rs 50 more than the preceding day.
It makes it an arithmetic progression because the difference between consecutive terms is constant.
We want to know how much money the contractor has to pay as penalty, if he has delayed the work by 30 days.
So, we have an AP of the form terms
First term = a = 200
Common difference = d = 50
n = 30
Applying formula, to find sum of n terms of AP , we get
Therefore, penalty for 30 days is Rs .